جہیز سے متعلق اسلامی تعلیمات:گوجرانوالہ اور گجرات کے اضلاع میں دلہن کے سسرالی رشتہ داروں کی آراء کا شماریاتی جائزہ Islamic Teachings Regarding Dowry: A Statistical Review of the Relatives-In-Law of Bride Section Urdu

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

ڈاکٹر محمد ریاض محمود
ڈاکٹر ارشد منیر

Abstract

Abstract:


The issue of dowry is directly related to the socio-religious and economic traditions of any of the concerned societies. Family system, social rituals and marriage customs are found in every religion. So far as the Muslim scholars are concerned, they are of the same view about the concept of dowry. They collectively believe that dowry is an immoral and economic burden on the family of the bride. In this background, dowry has always been an important matter for the people of Pakistan. It is necessary to understand that dowry is not an Islamic concept. This misconception has been prevailing in numerous societies that dowry is one of the essential part of religion. In this perspective, it is the dire need of the hour to highlight the status of dowry according to Islam. Some of the Muslims think that dowry is the Sunna of the Prophet of Islam, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). On the other hand, some Muslim families consider dowry as an alternate of the right of heritage of the bride. Therefore, it is highly necessary to know and understand its chronological history, its beginning and updated evolution. In this regard, a statistical analysis has been conducted in Gujranwala and Gujrat districts. The study found that majority of the respondents are of the opinion that dowry plays a key role in leading a happy, prosper and stable life for a bride in her In-laws. The current social situation is an outcome of the misconception of the Islamic teachings. This research article has been presented to determine and remove the controversies and misunderstandings of the common man related to the concept of dowry with special reference to Islam

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

References

Max Radian, Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, The Macmillan Company, MCML, New York,1950,Vol:5,P:230
Devasia, Leelamma,Female Criminals and Female Victims, Dattsons Publishers,Nagpur,India,1989,P:141
ابن منظور افریقی(م۷۲۲ھ)، لسان العرب،بیروت،۱۹۵۶ء،ج:۵،ص:۱۳۲۵
لوئیس مالوف،المنجد،بیروت،۱۹۵۶ء،ص:۱۰۶
راغب اصفہانی(م۵۰۲ھ)،المفردات فی غریب القرآن، کراچی،نورمحمد،س۔ن،ص:۱۰۱
Max Radian,Encyclopedia of Social Science,The Macmillan Company,MCML,New York ,1950 ,Vol:5,P:230
السید السابق،فقہ السنہ،بیروت، ج:۲،ص:۱۶۷-۱۶۸
Altekar ,Dr, The Position of Women in Hindu Civilization, Dehli,1983,P:70
السید السابق، فقہ السنه، ج:۲،ص:۱۶۷-۳۰۲
وحید الدین خان،خاتونِ اسلام ،کراچی،فضلی سنز،۱۹۹۸ء،صفحہ:۲۳۵
محمد اکرام چغتائی ، تشریحی لغت،لاہور،اردو سائنس بورڈ، ۲۰۰۱ء،صفحہ۲۵۲
البقرۃ۲ :۲۶۴
انجم رحمٰن ، پنجاب:تمدنی و معاشرتی جائزہ،لاہور:الفیصل ناشران وتاجران کُتب،۱۹۹۸ء،صفحہ:۳۲۹
المائدۃ۵: ۲۰
الحجرات۴۹ :۲۳
الاعراف ۳۱: ۷
التکاثر ۱۰۲: ۱،۲
المائدہ۵: ۳۸
Altekar,Dr,The Position od Women in Hindu Civilization,Dehli,1983,P:70
Mary k .Shenk(2007)mDowry and Public Policy in Contemporary India:The Behavioral Ecology of a “Social Evil”,Hum Nat(2007) 18:242-263,Https/www.researchgate.net/publication/226856457
Vijendra Rao, The Rising pRice of Husbands:A Hedonic Analysis of Dowry Increases in Rural India, The Journal of Political Economy, Vol:101,No:4,(Aug,1993),P:666-677, The University of Chicago Press.
Sadia Gondal ,The Dowry System in India-Problem od Dowry Deaths,Journal of India Studies, Vol:1,Vo:1,January-June,2015,P:37-41.
Shahnaz Huda ,Dowry in Bangladesh: Compromising Women’s Rights, South Asia Research ,Sage Publication ,New Dehli,Vol:26,P:249-268
Philip H.Brown,Dowry and Intra House Hold Bargaining:Evidence from China, The Journal of Human Resources,Vol:44,No:1(Winter,2009),PP:25-46,University of Wisconsin Press
Muhammad Akbar Ali Shah, Shehla Arshad and Huma Qasim, A Statistical Study of Dowry Determinants in Urban and Rural Areas of Punjab ,Pakistan Journal of Studies in Management and Planning,Issn:2395-0463,Vol:02,Issue:03 ,March 2016 ,PP:132-137
Naveed Ahmad :Alamdar Hussain;Muhammad Suaman Tariq and Muhammad Ali Raza, Rol of Dowry in Successful Marital Life:A Case Study of District Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan, Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal Review, Vol:4,No:5,January,2015,PP:62-72
Momoe Makino, Marriage, Dowry and woman’s Status in Rural Punjab , Pakistan , J Popul Econ,https://doi.org/10.1007 /s00148-018-0713-0,Institute of Development Economics, 3-2-2 Wakaba, Mihama-Ku,Chiba 261-8545,Japan
Anderson,K.S(2000)The Economics of Dowry Payments in Pakistan, Center Discussion Paper ,Vol:2000-82,Tilburg : Macroeconomics, PP:1-42
Shazia Gulzar;Muhammad Nauman, Farzan Yahya; Shagufta Ali And Mariam Yaqoob , Dowry System In Pakistan,Asia Economics And Financial Review 2(7):784-794
Ali ,T.S.Arnadottir,G.,Kulane,(2013),Dowry Practiees and TheirNegative Consequences from a female Perspective in Karachi ,Pakistan –A Qualitative Study .Health ,5(7d),84-91,Http://ecommons.aku.edu/Pakistan-Ths-son/160
قسطلانی،أحمد بن محمد بن أبى بكر بن عبد الملك (م۹۲۳ھ)،مواھب الدنیہ،قاہرہ،المکتبہ الاسلامی،۱۹۹۱ء،ج:۱،ص:۳۸۳-۳۸۴
ابنِ سعد،أبو عبد الله محمد بن سعد بن منيع الهاشمی (م۲۳۰ھ)،الطبقات الکبری، بیروت:دار احیاء التراث العربی،۱۹۹۶ء،ج:۷،ص:۲۵۸-۲۵۹
البخاری ،محمد بن اسماعیل(م۲۵۶ھ) ،صحیح البخاری،کتاب النکاح،بیروت،رقم الحدیث:۵۰۶۵
بخاری،رقم الحدیث:۲۷۴۲
النساء۴: ۱۱
النساء۴: ۷
وحید الدین خان،خاتونِ اسلام، ص:۲۳۰-۲۳۵
النساء ۴: ۳۴
Altekar,Dr, The Position of women In Hindu Civilization ,P:70
Anderson,S.(2003).Why dowry Payments declined with modernization in Europe but are Rising in India ,Journal of Political Economy.III(2),269-310
Umar,M.(1998).Bride Burning In India ,New Delhi,A.P.H.Pub.Corp
Sadia Gondal ,The Dowry System in India-Problem of Dowry Deaths, Journal of Indian Studies ,Vol:1,No:1,Jan-June2015,PP:37-41
روزنامہ جنگ،لاہور،پاکستان،۱۰-اگست،۲۰۰۹
عارفہ خان ،عکسِ زن،لاہور، برائٹ بک ،۲۰۱۰ء،ص:۱۳۱-۱۳۲