ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF MANDATORY EDUCATION AND FARMERS EARNING IN RURAL PUNJAB, PAKISTAN

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Muhammad Ashraf
Muhammad Qasim
Muhammad Irfan Chani
Muhammad Sajjad
Muhammad Hassan Akhtar

Abstract

Economic growth is multifaceted and can be measured through numerous methods. Due to its
varying measuring techniques, various sectors like service sector, manufacturing sector and
agriculture played diverse roles in economic growth and development. However, among these
roles, the role of agriculture is perhaps more vital as it gives support to both service and
manufacturing sectors. The advancement in agriculture results in agricultural growth which
contributes significantly in the economic growth of countries like Pakistan where the major
population percentage is directly or indirectly linked with agriculture sector. For agriculture
growth farmers knowledge and productivity skills are mandatory. The knowledge of farmers
includes formal education, social networking and Islamic obligatory education which may affect
the micro or macro factors of production. Macro factors of production constitutes the farmers total
earning and total productivity while the micro factors of production depend on the personal
features, characteristics, education, and skills of the farmers. The underlying study considers the
microeconomic determinants of farmers’ land size, gender, magnitude of livestock, experience
and total years of education including the formal, religious and mother’s education. All these
microeconomic determinants have been measured through primary data by developing a
questionnaire for farmers. The questionnaire has been developed to measure the earnings and
microeconomic features of production related to farmers’ personal characteristics. The data has
been collected from tehsil Arifwala, district Pakpattan, Punjab Pakistan

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