(1) Inferences of Imām Qurṭubī in construing the Obscure Words of the Qur’ān(A Specialized Study of Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān)

  • Zunaira Moeez+Dr.Muhammad Farooq Haider
Keywords: Qur’ānic Sciences, Exegesis, Imām Qurṭubī, Obscure Words, Construal

Abstract

The Obscure Words of the Qur’ān is one of the most significant discussions of the Qur’ānic Sciences. It is the apprehension of somewhat strange, peculiar, abstruse and ambiguous words of the Qur’ān. The intrinsic meaning of the word “Gharīb” does not imply on the Qur’ān. Rather, it pertains to the capability of a reader to perceive the Arabic language which is undermined due to aloofness as being a non-Arab. Embracement of Islam by enormous non-Arabs led to the escalated vocabulary of the Obscure Words. Many scholars have penned down solitary oeuvres on this significant Qur’ānic Science. In this article, some instances from Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān have been quoted in which Imām Qurṭubī has explicated the Obscure Words in a remarkable comprehensive manner. The pattern of inferences and methodology adopted by the exegete to interpret these words will also be accentuated in this research paper.

References

1. His full name is Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Abū Bakr b. Farḥ al-Anṣārī al-Khazrajī al-Andalusī al-Qurṭubī. He was one of the most eminent scholars of Córdoba, Spain. He was an adept exegete and a proficient Traditionist. The name of his exegesis is Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān which holds an incredibly distinguished position among not only the classical exegetical literature but also among the commentaries of the Modern era. There are many stupendous oeuvres on his panel regarding numerous Islamic disciplines. He died in 671 A.D in Egypt. (For details, See: Zarkalī, Khair al-Dīn, Al-Aʻlām, 15th ed, Beirūt, Dār al-‘Ilm li’l Malāyīn, 2002, 5:322; Ibn ‘Imād Ḥanbalī, Shadharāt al-Dhahab fī Akhbār mun Dhahab, Ed: Abdul Qādir Arnāūṭ, 1st ed, Beirūt, Dār Ibn Kathīr, 7: 584; Ḥājī Khalīfa, Kashaf al-Ẓunūn, Beirūt, Dār Aḥyā’ al-Torāth al-‘Arabī, n.d. 1: 390; Ibn Farḥūn, Mālikī, Al-Dībāj al-Madhab fī Maʻrfati ‘Ulamā’ Aʻyān al-Madhab, Edi: Abū Nūr, Muḥammad al-Aḥmadī, Dār al-Torāth li’l Ṭaba’ wa’l-Nashr, 2011, 2: 308)
2. Rāghib Iṣfahānī, Mufarradāt fī Gharīb al-Qur’ān, Edi: Dāūdī, Ṣafwān Adnān, Dār al-Qalm, Damascus, 2009, p. 604
3. Muslim, ‘Asākir ad-Dīn Muslim b. al-Ḥajjāj, Al-Jāmi’ al-Ṣaḥīḥ, K. The Book of Faith, b. Clarifying that Islam started as something strange, and will revert to being something strange, and it will retreat between the two Masājid, No. 145, For translation: https://sunnah.com/muslim
4. Al-Jarjānī, ‘Alī Ibn Muḥammad, Muʻjam al-Taʻrīfāt, Edi: Muḥammad Ṣiddīq al-Minshādī, Dār al-Faḍīlah, Qāhirah, n.d. p. 135
5. Jubrān Masʻūd, Al-Rai’d Mu‘jam Lughwī ‘Aṣarī, Beirūt, Dār al-‘Ilm lil Malāyīn, 2011, p. 576
6. Ibrāhīm, 14:4
7. Farooq Ḥaider, Muḥammad,‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Lahore, Kitāb Saraey, 2018, p. 258
8. Qurṭubī, Abū ‘Abdullāh Muḥammad b. Aḥmad, Imām, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 1st ed, Beirūt, Al-Risālah Publishers, 2006, 1: 39
9. Baihaqī, Abū Bakr Aḥmad b. Ḥussain, Al-Jāmi’ li-Shoʻab al-Ῑmān, 1st ed, Beirūt, Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2000, 2: 427, No. 2293
10. Suyūṭī, Jalāl al-Dīn, Al-Itqān fī ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Edi: Markaz Darāsāt al-Qur’āniyyah, 3: 730
11. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 1: 49
12. Ibid, p. 44
13. Al-Baqarah, 2: 88
14. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 2: 246
15. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 2: 246
16. Al-Baqarah, 2: 248
17. Al-Tauba, 9:40
18. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 4: 236
19. Ibid
20. Muslim, Al-Jāmi’ al-Ṣaḥīḥ, K. The Book of Prayer – Travellers, b. The descent of tranquillity (sakina) when the Qur’an is recited, No. 795
21. Muslim, Al-Jāmi’ al-Ṣaḥīḥ, K. The Book of Prayer – Travellers, b. The descent of tranquillity (sakina) when the Qur’an is recited, No. 796
22. Al-Anʻām, 6:14
23. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 11: 463
24. Ibid, 17: 340-1
25. Ibid, 17: 340
26. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 17: 340-1
27. Al-Anʻām, 6:73
28. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 8: 431
29. Ibid, p. 431-2
30. Muslim, Al-Jāmi’ al-Ṣaḥīḥ, K. The Book of Tribulations and Portents of the Last Hour, b. The Emergence of Dajjal and His Stay on Earth, And the Descent of 'Eisa Who Will Kill Him. The Death Of The People Of Goodness And Faith, And The Survival Of The Worst Of People, And Their Idol-Worship. The Trumpet Blast, And The Resurrection Of Those Who Are In Their Graves, No. 2940 (a)
31. Muslim, Al-Jāmi’ al-Ṣaḥīḥ, K. The Book of Tribulations and Portents of the Last Hour, b. The Emergence of Dajjal and His Stay on Earth, And the Descent of 'Eisa Who Will Kill Him. The Death Of The People Of Goodness And Faith, And The Survival Of The Worst Of People, And Their Idol-Worship. The Trumpet Blast, And The Resurrection Of Those Who Are In Their Graves, No. 2940 (b)
32. Al-Tauba, 9:114
33. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 10: 401
34. Ibid, p. 402
35. Al-Ṣan‘ānī, Abū Bakr ‘Abd al-Razzāq, Al-Muṣannaf, Edi: Al-A‘ẓamī, Ḥabīb al-Raḥmān, India, Al-Majlis al-‘Ilmī, 2012, K. The Book of Funerals, b. Burial at night, 3: 522, No. 6559
36. Ibid, p. 403
37. Ibid
38. Ibid, p. 404
39. Al-Kahf, 18:9
40. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 13: 211
41. Ibid
42. Ibid
43. Ibid, p. 211-12
44. Ibid, p. 212
45. Ibid
46. Al-Muṭaffifīn, 83:20
47. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 13: 212
48. Ibid, p. 213
49. Ibid, p. 212
50. Ibid, p. 213
51. Ibid, p. 212
52. Ibid, p. 213
53. Bukhārī, Al-Jāmi’ al-Ṣaḥiḥ, K. The Book of Hiring, b. The labourer left the wages and went away, No. 2272
54. Al-Maryam, 19:13
55. Qurṭubī, Al-Jāmi’ li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, 13: 424
56. Ibid
57. Ibid
58. Ibid, p. 425
59. Ibid
60. Ibid
61. Ibid, p. 426
62. Ibid, p. 425
63. Ibid
64. Ibid
Published
2020-07-09
Section
Articles