الكلام بين قديمه وجديده: دراسة منهجية

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د. علي محمود العمري

Abstract

The science of Kalam played a central role in the epistemic apparatus of Islam and was long considered to be equivalent to an Islamic epistemology. Thus based upon the place that it held historically it is only natural to expect for it to be effected by the various intellectual stages that took place in the Arab and Islamic worlds. It is from this vantage point that we can understand the call to establish a “New Science of Kalam.” It is methodologically difficult to pinpoint the historical beginnings of the call to a “New Kalam.”  This is due to the fact that researchers haven’t even agreed upon how to define it and thus they have not agreed upon its conceptualization let alone agreeing upon verification of its existing form. However, if we are talking about the history of the term “New Kalam”, we find that it appeared for the first time in the work of the late-Ottoman Turkish scholar Izmirli Ismail Hakki in 1868 entitled “Yeni Ilmi Kelam” (The New Science of Kalam). Since then the term has repeatedly been used within the intellectual, cultural, and academic circles. This study is an attempt to delve into the depths of the history of this term so as to discover whether it is really something new or simply the revival of the old kalam. The methodology applied in this research is of inductive and analytical nature

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