وجوه الترجيح في تفسير الشيخ القنوجي"فتح البيان في مقاصد القرآن": دراسة تحليلية

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سيد آصف محمود، محمد ساجدالدکتور اسرار احمد خان

Abstract

Shaykh Nawwāb Siddīq Hasan Khān’s commentary of the Holy Qur’an entitled Fath al-Bayān fī Maqāsid al-Qur'ān is quite well-known work in the field of tafsÊr. One of the distinct features of this tafsÊr is that he unequivocally declares which tafsÊrÊ opinion attributed to his predecessors is preferable (rÉjiÍ) and why. His choice seems invariably based on certain valid grounds. Generally, he applies six principles based on six sources in his task of preference of views: (1) the Qur’an, (2) authentic ÍadÊth, (3) views of SaÍÉbah, (4) consensus of scholars, (5) classical Arabic, and (6) the context concerned.  His tafsÊrÊ preferences encompass both Tafsīr bi al-Ma’athūr and Tafsīr bi al-Ra’iy and deal with juridical, linguistic, grammatical, theological, and doctrinal issues. He compares different opinions shared by previous mufassirËn and expounds their strength and weaknesses in the light of relevant methodological principles and gives his own judgment at the end. In the present study, such methods and principles would be examined and discussed. It would be investigated what are the bases of his exegetical preferences and to what extent these preferences are plausible according to the methods and principles established in the science of Tafsīr

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