1554 مسئلہ کشمیر ، بی جے پی کا کردار اور اتحاد عالم اسلام؛ تنقیدی جائزہ The Critical View on Kashmīr Issue, Role of BJP and Unity of the Islamic World Section Urdu

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Dr. Ishtiaq Gondal
Shaheer Ahmed
Yahya Ahmad

Abstract

This article covers the historical and current situation of Kashmīr while highlighting the atrocities of the Indian government, and the negligible attitude of Muslim Ummah on this issue. The article covers the conflicting status of Kashmīr and the sufferings of Muslims with the help of Islamic teachings in the light of Qur’ānic verses and Ḥadīth. Undoubtedly, the status of Kashmīr has been controversial since the partition of sub-continent in 1947. The then, British Government allegedly did not clarify Kashmīr’s status and made it a point of contention between the two nascent governments. In the last 72 years, 3 wars out of 4 have been fought between Pakistan and India on Kashmīr issue. Other than conflicting wars, several peace attempts have been made on the diplomatic front. But all efforts end in vain. Millions of Kashmīris have been martyred for 7 decades for the struggle of independence. Thousands of women are raped and a number of Muslims bear the loss of properties. To stop the resistance in response to these atrocities, India deployed one-third of its army in Kashmīr but they also failed to shut down the freedom movement. Last year in August, Indian government amended the article of Indian constitution related to special status of Kashmīr. Afterwards, there is a complete curfew in Kashmīr and the valley is literally converted into the biggest jail of the world. But the role of Muslim Ummah, specifically the Arab Muslim countries is absolutely shameful. They have shown an extreme numbness and negligence and has not provided any help to poor Kashmīrīs even on diplomatic level. Only the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Malaysian Prime Minister Mahātīr Muḥammad have raised their voices for Kashmīris on every forum but none has been heard as yet.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

References

1. Raghavan, Srinath. War and Peace in Modern India: A Strategic History of Nehru Years. Ranikhet: Palgrave Macmillan; 2010 edition (August 27,2010) p 359.
2. Hodson, Henry Vincent. The Great Divide: Britain, India, Pakistan. 1. London: Hutchinson.1969, p 370
3. البقرہ:۲۰۴-۲۰۵ Al-Bqrh:204-205
4. Campbell, B, Brenner, A. Death Squads in Global Perspective. New York: Palgrave Macmillan US.2000. p 364
5. Schofield, Victoria. Kashmir in conflict: India, Pakistan and the unending war. London: I.B. Tauris; London, 2003.
6. APDP. Facts Under Ground. Srinagar: The Bund, Amira Kadal, Srinagar. 190001,2017. P 24
7. Connelly, Andrew. Kashmir’s decade-high death toll a ‘warning sign’. The New Humanitarian. published on June 11,2019, accessed on April 10, 2020
https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/news/2019/06/11/kashmir-s-decade-high-death-toll-warning-sign.
8. Research, CNN Editorial. Kashmir Fast Facts. CNN. Published on March 26, 2020. Accessed on April 10, 2020
https://edition.cnn.com/2013/11/08/world/kashmir-fast-facts/index.html.
9. SATP. Fatalities in Terrorist Violence 1988 - 2019. South Asian Terrorism Portal. published on November 19,2019. Accessed on April 10, 2020 https://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/jandk/data_sheets/annual_casualties.htm.
10. APDP, JKCCS. Annual Human Rights Review 2019. Srinagar: Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society, 2019.
11. Connelly, Andrew. Kashmir’s decade-high death toll a ‘warning sign’. The New Humanitarian. published on June 11, 2019. Accessed on April 13, 2020. https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/news/2019/06/11/kashmir-s-decade-high-death-toll-warning-sign.
12. Rajnath Singh Gives Controversial Statements About Muslims in India. Sandesh News. گمنام مقام : YouTube, 18 July, 2016.
13. Khan, Imran. Twitter. published on April 3,2020. Accessed on April 13, 2020
https://twitter.com/ImranKhanPTI/status/1245942118339706880.
14. Report, News. Article 370: India strips disputed Kashmir of special status. BBC News. published on August 5, 2019. Accessed on April 10, 2020
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-49231619.
15. Venkataraman an, K. Explained | How the status of Jammu and Kashmir is being changed. The Hindu. Published on August 6, 2019. Accessed on April 10,2020 https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/explained-how-the-status-of-jammu-and-kashmir-is-being-changed/article28822866.ece?homepage=true.
16. Gupta, Jyoti Bhusan Das. Jammu and Kashmir. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands.1968, p 54
17. Robinson, Cabeiri deBergh. Body of Victim, Body of Warrior. California: University of California Press,2013. P 34-35
18. Noorani, A G. Article 35A is beyond challenge. Greater Kashmir. published on August 14, 2015. Accessed on April 10, 2020
https://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/opinion/article-35a-is-beyond-challenge/.
19. Noorani, A. G. Article 370: A Constitutional History of Jammu and Kashmir. Utter Pardesh: OUP India. 2011, 2014. P 5-6
20. Ozmanczyk, Edmund Jan. Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements. Ed. Anthony Mango. 3rd. New York: Routledge, New York: London,2003. P 1191
21. بیہقی، امام ابوبکر احمد بن الحسین، سنن الکبریٰ ، ( بیروت: دار الكتب العلميہ،س۔ن)، ۴۸
Bayhqī, Amām abū bakr Aḥmd bin Al-ḥsayn, As-Sunan al-Kubra, (Beīrūt: Dār al-kutb al-ʿlmiyah,S.N), Ḥadīth # 48
22. الطبرانی، سليمان بن احمد، المعجم الكبير،(بیروت:دار صادر، 1414ھ)، ۱۰۶۵۲
Al-Ṭbrānī, Slaymān bin Aḥmad, al- mʿujam al-kbīr, (Beīrūt Dār Sādīr, 1414 AH), Ḥadīth # 10652

23. النساء: ۷۵ Al-nsaʾ :75

24. نیوز رپورٹ. او آئی سی وزرائے خارجہ اجلاس: سعودی عرب کی کشمیر پر ہچکچاہٹ سے پاکستان مایوس؟. بی بی سی اردو. [آن لائن] ۰۹ فروری, ۲۰۲۰. [دیکھا: 12 اپریل, ۲۰۲۰.] https://www.bbc.com/urdu/pakistan-51432025.
Nyūz rpūrṯ, aū āʾī sī wzraʾay kharjh ijlas: sʿudī ʿrb kī kshmīr pr hchkchahṯ sy Pakistan mayūs? bi bi si urdu .
25. —. اردگان کے کشمیر کو ترکی کا مسئلہ کہنے پر بھارت تلملا اٹھا. روزنامہ نوائے وقت. [آن لائن] ۱۶ فروری, ۲۰۲۰. [دیکھا: ۱۲ اپریل, ۲۰۲۰.] https://www.nawaiwaqt.com.pk/16-Feb-2020/1121281.
Ardgan kay kshmīr kū trkī ka msʾlh khny pr bhart tlmla uṯha. Rūznama nwaʾy wqt. 16 frwrī 2020.
26. رپورٹ, نیوز. ترکی کے صدر رجب طیب اردوغان کے کشمیر پر بیان پر انڈیا کی مذمت. بی بی سی اردو. [آن لائن] ۱۷ فروری, ۲۰۲۰. [دیکھا: ۱۳ اپریل, ۲۰۲۰.] https://www.bbc.com/urdu/regional-51536814.

26 rpurṯ, nyuz. Trkī kay ṣdr rjb ṭyb urdughan kay kshmīr pr byan pr inḏya kī mdhmt . bi bi sī urdū . 17 frwrī 2020.
27. —. مسئلہ کشمیر حل ہونا چاہیے، طیب اردگان کا مطالبہ. سماء نیوز. [آن لائن] ۲۵ ستمبر, ۲۰۱۹. [دیکھا: ۱۳ اپریل, ۲۰۲۰.]
https://www.samaa.tv/urdu/international/2019/09/1687252/.
27 msʾlh kshmīr ḥl hūna chahʾyay, ṭyb ardgan ka mṭalbh, smaʾ nyūz. 25 stmbr 2019
28. بیگ, مرزا اے بی. انڈیا کے ساتھ تجارتی جنگ کا خدشہ، ملائیشیا ’کشمیر پر اپنے موقف سے پیچھے نہیں ہٹے گا‘. بی بی سی اردو. [آن لائن] ۲۳ اکتوبر, ۲۰۱۹. [دیکھا: ۱۳ اپریل, ۲۰۲۰.] https://www.bbc.com/urdu/regional-50149159.
Bayg, mrza ay bi. Inḏya kay sath thartī jng ka khdshah , mlaʾīshya “kshmīr pr apny mūqf say pīchhay nhīṇ hṯy ga”. Bi bi sī urdū 23 aktūbr 2019
29. ویب ڈیسک. کشمیر سے متعلق بیان واپس نہیں لوں گا: مہاتیر محمد. جیو نیوز. [آن لائن] ۲۲ اکتوبر, ۲۰۱۹. [دیکھا: ۱۳ اپریل،۲۰۲۰.] https://urdu.geo.tv/latest/206990-.
wayb ḏaysk. kshmīr say mtʿlq byan waps nhīṇ lūṇ ga: mhatīr Mḥmd. Jyū nyūz. 22 aktūbr 2019
30. YouTube. DD News. YouTube. published on September 12, 2019. Accessed on April 23, 2020
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bBQjgnmZCxc&feature=youtu.be.
31. Youtube. Saif Anwar. YouTube. published on September 23,2019. Accessed on April 23, 2020
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BdeXBZCK0Pw.
32. Samri. Tweet. Twitter. published on September 25,2019. Accessed on April 23, 2020
https://twitter.com/SAMRIReports/status/1176651768190636032.
33. Report, News. Abrogation of 370A in IOK: After other Muslim groups, Salafis also back Modi govt. The News International. published on September 24, 2019. Accessed on april 23,2020.
https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/530972-abrogation-of-370a-in-iok.
34. ANI. Kashmir is an integral part of India: Syed Salman Chishty. The Times of India. published on September 21, 2019. Accessed on april 23, 2020
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/videos/news/kashmir-is-an-integral-part-of-india-syed-salman-chishty/videoshow/71229233.cms.
35. Gilani, Iftikhar. Why the Indian Muslim leadership is not standing with Kashmir? The Friday Times. published on October 11,2019. Accessed on April 23,2020
https://www.thefridaytimes.com/why-the-indian-muslim-leadership-is-not-standing-with-kashmir/.
36. ڈاکٹر اسرار احمد ،پاک بھارت مفاہمت اور مسئلہ کشمیر کا حل،(لاہور : مرکزی انجمن خدام القرآن،۲۰۰۴)،۴۴۔
Dākṯar Isrār Aḥmād, pāk bhārt mfāhmat aūr msʾlh kshmīr ka ḥl. ( Lahūr : mrkzī anjmn khdām al-qrān, 2004), 44.
37. Khan, Maulana Wahiduddin. Peace In Kashmir. Countercurrents. published on july 22,2010. Accessed on April 23,2020
https://www.countercurrents.org/wkhan220710.htm.
38. مہر, اعجاز. مشرف کا کشمیر کے لیے ایک فارمولہ. بی بی سی اردو. [آن لائن] ۲۵ اکتوبر, ۲۰۰۴. [دیکھا: ۱۲ مئی, ۲۰۲۰.]
https://www.bbc.com/urdu/pakistan/story/2004/10/041025_kashmir_musharraf.shtml.
38 Mhr , aʿjaz. Mshrf ka kshmīr kay liy ayk farmūlh, bi bi sī urdū. 25 aktūbr 2004
39. میگزین رپورٹ. مسئلہ کشمیر کے حل کے لیے جنرل (ر) پرویز مشرف کا فارمولا. روزنامہ جنگ. [آن لائن] ۵ فروری, ۲۰۱۹. [دیکھا: ۱۱ مئی, ۲۰۲۰.] https://jang.com.pk/news/605815-formula-of-general-pervaiz-musharaf-for-kashmir-issue.
Maygzīn rpūrṯ, msʾlh kshmīr kay ḥl kay liy jnrl (r) prwayz mshrf ka farmūla, rūznama jng . 5 frwrī 2019
40. نیوز رپورٹ. مسئلہ کشمیر کا حل اسلامی دنیا کے سیاسی عزم اور عالمی ضمیر کے جاگنے سے ہاتھ بھرکی دوری پر،بلاول بھٹو. روزنامہ پاکستان. [آن لائن] ۵ فروری, ۲۰۲۰. [دیکھا: ۲۷ اپریل, ۲۰۲۰.] https://dailypakistan.com.pk/05-Feb-2020/1088705.
Nyūz rpūrṯ. Msʾlh kshmīr ka ḥl islamī dnya kay syasī ʿzm aūr ʿalmī ḍmīr kay jagny say hath bhr kī dūrī pr, blawl bhṯu , rūznamh Pakistan . 5 frwrī 2020
41. بلوچ, لیاقت. مسئلہ کشمیر کا حل، حق خودارادیت. روزنامہ نئی بات. [آن لائن] ۲۹ جولائی, ۲۰۱۹. [دیکھا: ۲۷ اپریل, ۲۰۲۰.]
41 blūch, lyaqt. Msʾlh kshmīr ka ḥl , ḥq khūdar adyt. Rūznama nʾī bat. 29 july 2019
42. نیوز رپورٹ. وزیر اعظم عمران خان: ’دنیا کشمیر کو نظر انداز نہیں کر سکتی، ہم سب خطرے میں ہیں‘. بی بی سی اردو. [آن لائن] ۳۱ اگست, ۲۰۱۹. [دیکھا: ۲۷ اپریل, ۲۰۲۰.] https://www.bbc.com/urdu/pakistan-49523492.
Nyūz rpūrṯ . wzīr aʿẓm ʿmran khan: “dnya kshmīr kū nẓr andaz nhīṇ kr sktī. Hm sb khṭry mīṇ hayṇ” bi bi sī urdu. 31 agst 2019