Muslim rulers of Banu Abbas took keen interest in the development of science and arts. Their contributions to the education enable Muslim scholars to conserve the existing knowledge and to transform it into new branches of arts, science and technology. Through their creative abilities, Muslim scholars significantly contributed to several fields of science. The Islamic civilization had been the pioneer of scientific field for a long time due to the creative role of Muslims. The study explores the role of Muslim scholars in the development of mathematics and physics in Banu Abbas regime. The content analysis approach was used in this historical study. The study explores all aspects of development of mathematics and physics in Banu Abbas regime and concludes that Muslim scientists played their vital roles in bringing advancement in the field of mathematics and physics.
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